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Planning Your Kiln Room

American Ceramic Supply Company offers great discounts on all Skutt Kilns.
You can e-mail us at if you need any help
with technical support, best kilns and or specific shipping needs. When you buy a Skutt Kiln from American, we help with kiln prep, test fire, cone results and firing schedules.

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Tips on Planning Your Studio's Floor Plan
(reprinted with permission from Skutt)

Planning - A great deal of effort and money can be saved by taking the time to properly plan the layout for your studio. The most important things to consider when laying out your kiln room are:

Proper Kiln Clearances
Storage For Unfired and Fired Ware
Electrical & HVAC Requirements
Venting Requirements
Future Needs
Kiln Room Picture

Kiln Clearances
Most building codes refer to the manufacturers recommendations when judging proper clearances from combustible walls. Skutt suggests that the kilns be at least 18" from any wall if non-combustible or 36” if combustible wall. Part of the reason for the clearance is to minimize the heat which is reflected back to the kilns circuit board. Kilns without circuit boards may be placed as close as 9" to a wall.

It will be convenient to have shelving in the kiln room to place ware that is to be fired and ware that is unloaded from the kiln. Be sure not to place shelves above the kilns and also allow for proper clearance. Also consider - will you be using this room for back stock storage of bisque, color and other supplies? Will you be dipping in this room and need space for dipping vat and dipping shelving units?

Electrical & HVAC Requirements
Before you can order your kiln you must determine what sort of power you have available in your building. The most common voltages are 208 volt and 240 volt. Many people think they have 220 volt power because most appliances are designed to run off either voltage and are labeled 220. To have 220 voltage is very uncommon in the USA. Have an electrician check to be sure.

     If you are in the process of finding a location it would be advisable to have an electrician test the strength of the power to the building. Power supplies with low voltage can cause problems with your firing and are very expensive to remedy.

     Next determine what phase power is in your building. Most residential buildings have single phase power which consists of 2 hot wires and a ground wire. Many commercial areas have 3 phase power available which consists of 3 hot wires and a ground. Either phase power supply will work, but you must order the kiln for the wiring as it exists.

     When choosing a spot to locate your kilns try and stay within a 50 ft wire run from your breaker box. If it is necessary to run the power farther then 50 ft it will be necessary to increase the wire gauge to the breaker box.

     Make sure that the total amount of amperage available is enough to run all of the equipment and fixtures you will be using. Increasing the amperage supply to your building can be very expensive.

     The KM1227-3 kilns come with a plug attached to the power cord. It will be necessary to have an electrician install a receptacle to fit your particular plug configuration.

     Vents will require standard 120 volt outlets within 8 ft of each kiln. It is also a good idea to have additional 120 volt outlets available to run fans. The fans will help keep the room temperature down and help the kilns cool significantly faster.

     If your studio is going to be located in a location such as a mall where heating, ventilation, and air conditioning or HVAC, are shared by the whole building structure the leasing office will want to know how your equipment will effect this system. Specifically they will want to know how much heat the kilns are generating, which is measured in BTU's, and how much room air you are venting out with the EnviroVent, which is measured in CFM's. All of this information can be sent  to you with your start-up package.

Venting Requirements
The Skutt EnviroVent is easy to install. It is a lot like venting a household dryer. The vent cup sits easily under the kiln stand and the kiln sits right on top of it. If you order it with your kiln we can pre-drill the venting holes in the lid and slab at the factory.  You will need enough 4" rigid or flexible metal ducting to run  from the vent to the wall or ceiling where you are venting. (All of the kilns in the start-up packages come pre-drilled for vents unless you tell us specifically not to.)

     The fumes extracted from the kiln by the EnviroVent  must be ducted outside of the building. If it is not possible to vent up through the roof be sure to locate your kiln near an exterior wall. Be sure that you do not vent directly under a window.

     If you are venting more then 1 kiln it makes sense to vent them all out the same hole. You will need to purchase a coupler that connects the multiple ducts and exits them through a single duct which will be larger in diameter. The diameter of the exit duct will be determined by the number of ducts you have feeding it. Consult the manual to determine what size coupler you will need. You will want to be sure the coupler is equipped with dampers so you can close off a duct when a vent is not running.

     The 4" ducting can be run up to 50 ft with a maximum of 3 90 degree bends. If you need to vent it farther then this or exceed 3 bends it will be necessary to increase the diameter of the vent.

Future Needs
Remember to keep in mind future growth of the business when you are planning the layout of your kiln room. Are you allowing enough room to add another kiln? Is the electrical supply designed to allow for the additional amp draw of another kiln? Are there enough outlets available for additional vents and fans? You can save a lot of frustration down the road by addressing these issues now.

SKutt Kiln Room

Note to all PYOP studios:
This picture is not suitable for your kiln room unless you will have a separate room for back stock storage and dipping. An ideal square footage that includes kilns, kiln accessories, back stock storage of bisque and supplies, dipping vat and dipping shelves and possibly even a small corner for office desk could be 12 x 18 or 12 x 20 or 14 x 16 or even larger. Although you can vent up through the ceiling and roof, if you can vent out a back wall, it is easier.

     Your custom start-up package from American Ceramic Supply Company contains all necessary brochures and specification sheets which your contractors and electricians will need. In addition, we will be glad to speak with them over the phone to clarify any questions.


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All prices are subject to change without notice due to manufacturer's price increases and fuel surcharges with shipping companies. We reserve the right to adjust pricing accordingly.
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American Ceramic Supply Company has been selling and servicing ceramic kilns to the ceramic industry, schools, individuals and studios for 40 years. Based in Fort Worth, Texas, American Ceramic Supply Company services and supplies ceramic equipment and supplies to traditional ceramic shops, paint your own pottery studios, ceramic potters, art teachers and art educators, ceramic and pottery finished ware producers, ceramic and pottery home based hobbyists. American Ceramic Supply Company provides education, training and consulting services to traditional ceramic shops, paint your own pottery studios, potters, art teachers and art educators, ceramic and pottery finished ware producers and home based hobbyists. American Ceramic Supply also educates and assists the architects, contractors, builders and electricians for our customers as they create their ceramic shops, paint your own pottery studios, ceramic rooms in their new schools and buildings and in their homes.

American Ceramic Supply Company and American Glass Supply Company sell ceramic kilns including Paragon Kilns, Skutt Kilns, Amaco/Excel Kilns, Cress Kilns and Olympic Kilns. Paragon’s Kilns include the Touch and Fire electric automatic kilns such as the TnF 82, TnF23, TnF24, TnF27 and TnF28’s, the Ovation kilns, Dragon and Super Dragon kilns, Iguana Kilns, Caldera and Clamshell Kilns, Janus kilns, as well as the small kilns such as the SC series kilns, heat treating kilns, doll and porcelain kilns. Skutt kilns include the Kiln Master kiln series - the popular KM818, KM1018, KM1027, KM1218, KM1227-3 and KM1231 kilns, the Glass Master kiln line such as the GM814, GM1014, GM1214 - the very popular GM1414 coffin kiln, and the production glass kiln line - the GM818, GM1018 and the GM1227-3 as well as the Skutt Hot Start Pro Kiln and the new Firebox kilns - Firebox 8 and Firebox 14 including the clamshell kiln GM22. Through American Ceramic Supply Company, Olympic Kilns has fantastic gas and glass kilns, raku kilns, electric - manual and automatic kilns such as the Dual Media Kilns, the Champ kiln, the Freedom Series kilns, the Commercial Electric kilns, and the Torchbearer Gas kilns- both available as propane or natural gas kilns. Olympic also has truck kilns, commercial industrial kilns, custom kilns, DPF Cleaning Kilns and industrial kilns. Amaco kilns and Excel Kilns are very popular kilns with teachers and art educators. Front loading kilns, top-loading kilns, professional kiln line series, Fine Art kilns, Professional Kiln series, and metal enameling kilns are all part of the Amaco kilns and Excel kilns production series. Whether you need a pottery kiln, jewelry kiln, silver art clay kiln, glass fusing kiln, glass slumping kiln, knife heat treating kiln, clay tile production kiln, low fire kiln, high fire kiln, 120V kiln, 240V kiln, 208V kiln or even a 480V kiln! -
American Ceramic Supply Company can provide you with just the kiln for your very special needs and desires to last you for a very long time!

American Ceramic Supply Company continues to sell, service, educate and provide on-going marketing and technical support to the ceramic and pottery industry. Our goals are the best customer service we can possibly offer, generosity of information to our customers so that they can succeed and accomplish their ceramic dreams and desires and
doing the right thing by God and Country.

American Ceramic Supply Company, Inc. - est. 1975
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